Centrifugal Disc FinishersHeader for Bel Air's Home Page

Centrifugal disc finishing technology enables deburring and polishing into grooves and corners of intricate parts that conventional vibratory or tumbling cannot reach. High-energy finishing is possible, using the smallest of finishing media, with a flow-through compound system. Bel Air Finishing’s industry-leading high-energy centrifugal disc finishers are ideal for precision deburring, polishing, and surface finishing, with much shorter process times, up to 90% faster, than low-energy deburring tumblers.

Bel Air Finishing has the centrifugal disc finisher for your production line with 8, 22, 60, and 120-liter floor multi-chamber models, each with optional robotic integration capabilities. For smaller production needs, 8 and 22-liter benchtop models are available. These machines are well-suited for Cellular and JIT manufacturing.

The Bel Air Finishing bowl design allows for more capacity per chamber than any competing brands. The “twist gap” system, developed by Bel Air, allows for gap adjustments in a matter of seconds, with no tools, and low cost wear components unit configuration is the most efficient for valuable floor space as well as totally mobile, for ease of cellular manufacturing.

Automated separation systems available!

If you are unsure what equipment and media you require to achieve your desired surface finish, then send us your part, and we will evaluate it free-of-charge and provide you with a metrology report.

120 Liter

fmsl 120 centrifugal disc finisher

The FMSL 120 consists of a single high-energy centrifugal disc finishers that is perfect for precision deburring of stamped or machined parts. The FMSL 120 can be configured with 1 or 2 processing chambers.

60 Liter

sl60-120 new separator

The FMSL 60 is a single or multi-chamber high-energy centrifugal disc finishers that are perfect for precision deburring of stamped or machined parts. The FMSL 60 can be configured for 1, 2, or 3 60-liter processing chambers.

22 Liter

SL22 Centrifugal Disc Finisher

The FMSL 22 is a singe or multi-chamber high-energy centrifugal disc finishers that are perfect for precision deburring of stamped or machined parts. It can be configured for 1, 2, or 3 processing chambers and excels in finishing conventional materials (such as brass, copper, steel, aluminum) and alloys (such as Kovar, Inconel, stainless steel, titanium, plastic, and all other 3D printed materials).

8 Liter

FMSL 8/ 3 Centrifugal Disc Finisher

The FMSL 8 is a singe or multi-chamber high-energy centrifugal disc finishers that are perfect for precision deburring of stamped or machined parts. It can be configured for 1, 2, 3, or 4 processing chambers and excels in finishing conventional materials (such as brass, copper, steel, aluminum) and alloys (such as Kovar, Inconel, stainless steel, titanium, plastic, and all other 3D printed materials).

22 Liter Benchtop

FMSL 22T

The FMSL 22T mid-range benchtop high-energy centrifugal disc finisher is ideal for precision deburring of stamped or machined parts. They excel in finishing conventional materials such as brass, copper, steel, aluminum, and alloys such as Kovar, Inconel, stainless steel, titanium, and many other materials.

8 Liter Benchtop

FMSL 8T centrifugal disc finisher

The FMSL 8T mid-range benchtop high-energy centrifugal disc finisher is ideal for precision deburring of stamped or machined parts. They excel in finishing conventional materials such as brass, copper, steel, aluminum, and alloys such as Kovar, Inconel, stainless steel, titanium, and many other materials. Ideal for cellular operations.

Product Comparison Table

Model NumberCapacityBowl DiameterFootprint (Inches)Voltage/Phase
Volume(Liters)Cu. FtDia. InchesLength(Inches)Depth(inches)Height(inches)
FMSL 8T*80.289252127110-220/1
FMSL 8TD80.289252127110-220/1
FMSL 8/180.289303676220/3
FMSL 8/216 (8 x 2)0.56 (0.28 x 2)9483676220/3
FMSL 8/324 (8 x 3)0.84 (0.28 x 3)9643676220/3
FMSL 8/432 (8 x 4)1.12 (0.28 x 4)9803676220/3
FMSL 22T*220.7514.5243326220/1
FMSL 22TD220.7514.5243326220/1
FMSL 22/1220.7514.5384276220/3
FMSL 22/244 (22 x 2)1.5 (0.75 x 2)14.5584276220/3
FMSL 22/366 (22 x 3)2.25 (0.75 x 3)14.5804276220/3
FMSL 60/160219.5464574220/3
FMSL 60/2120 (60 x2)2 (2 x 2)19.5784574220/3
FMSL 60/3180 (60 x 3)6 (2 x 3)19.51104574220/3
FMSL 120/1120424504868220/3
FMSL 120/2240 (120 x 2)8 (4 x 2)241054868220/3

*FMSL 8, and 22 bench top available in basic model with 220/3 phase on/off only, or the TD deluxe model with timer, variable speed, reversing and integral dosing pump

Frequently Asked Questions

You can view more than 130 samples of components that have been processed using Centrifugal Disc Finishers on this link:

Choosing the right centrifugal disc finisher for your needs requires careful consideration of several factors. Here’s a breakdown of the key aspects to evaluate:

1. Capacity and Production Requirements:

  • Part size and volume: Consider the size and amount of parts you typically need to finish per batch. Choose a machine with a bowl capacity and disc size that can accommodate your needs efficiently.
  • Production volume: If you have high production demands, select a machine with fast processing times and efficient media separation capabilities.

2. Features and Automation:

  • Single-disc versus multi-disc: Single-disc systems are common for smaller batches, while multi-disc configurations offer faster processing for larger volumes.
  • Automation level: Consider manual loading/unloading, automated dosing of media and compounds, and conveyor systems for integrating the machine into your production line.
  • Safety features: Look for built-in safety guards, emergency stop buttons, and dust extraction systems to ensure operator safety and environmental control.

3. Material Compatibility and Finishing Needs:

  • Part material: Ensure the machine and its components are compatible with the materials you’ll be finishing to avoid potential damage or reactions.
  • Desired finish: Select a machine with variable disc speed and suitable media/compound options to achieve the desired level of polishing, deburring, or radiusing.

4. Budget and Maintenance:

  • Initial cost: Centrifugal disc finishers vary significantly in price based on size, features, and capabilities. Set a realistic budget and compare options within your range.
  • Operating costs: Consider factors like energy consumption, media and compound usage, and maintenance requirements for long-term cost effectiveness.
  • Maintenance and Repair: Choose a machine with readily available spare parts and easily accessible components for convenient maintenance and repairs.

5. Brand Reputation and Service:

  • Manufacturer reputation: Choose a reputable brand with a proven track record in the industry like Bel Air Finishing.
  • Warranty and service support: Investigate warranty coverage and the availability of after-sales service and technical support for troubleshooting and repairs.

Additional Tips:

  • Consult with finishing experts: Get advice from experienced professionals who can analyze your specific needs and recommend suitable machines and configurations.
  • Visit manufacturers or attend trade shows: Seeing machines in person and talking to representatives can provide valuable insights and help you compare options.
  • Request quotes and test runs: Don’t hesitate to request quotes from multiple manufacturers and consider test runs with your specific parts to evaluate performance before making a final decision.

By carefully considering these factors and taking advantage of available resources, you can choose the ideal centrifugal disc finisher to meet your specific application requirements and optimize your finishing process for efficiency and quality.

Remember, the perfect machine for you depends on your unique needs and budget. Invest time in thorough research and consider all relevant factors before making a decision to ensure you get the best value for your investment.

Centrifugal disc finishing utilizes various compounds alongside abrasive media to enhance the finishing process and achieve specific results. Here’s a breakdown of the main types and their functions:

1. Polishing Compounds:

  • Emery-based: A traditional option for achieving a good satin finish on various materials like metals and plastics. Available in different grit sizes for coarse to fine polishing.
  • Diamond-based: Offer superior cutting capability and high-gloss finishes on metals, ceramics, and some plastics. Ideal for precise polishing and delicate parts.
  • Alox (aluminum oxide) based: Versatile compounds for polishing metals, glass, and ceramics. Provide a good balance between cutting efficiency and final finish.
  • Cerium Oxide-based: Primarily used for polishing glass, ceramics, and acrylics to achieve a high mirror finish. Gentle on softer materials and minimizes scratching.

2. Burnishing Compounds:

  • Water-based: Environmentally friendly options for burnishing and achieving a high luster on materials like stainless steel, copper, and brass. Can contain additives for additional corrosion resistance.
  • Solvent-based: Offer faster drying times and higher gloss potential compared to water-based options. However, they generally have higher VOCs and require proper ventilation.
  • Wax-based: Suitable for burnishing softer materials like aluminum and plastics. Provide a protective layer and enhance surface smoothness.

3. Other Compound Types:

  • Cleaning compounds: Formulated to remove surface contaminants like oils, oxides, and light tarnish. Often water-based for ease of use and disposal.
  • Lubricating compounds: Reduce friction and prevent media clogging during the finishing process. Can be added to improve overall efficiency and media lifespan.
  • Specialty compounds: Certain manufacturers offer compounds with specific functionalities, such as antimicrobial properties for medical applications or anti-tarnish formulations for jewelry finishing.

Choosing the Right Compound:

  • Consider the desired finish: Polishing compounds for high gloss, burnishing compounds for luster, and cleaning compounds for removing contaminants.
  • Material of your parts: Choose compounds compatible with your parts’ material to avoid unwanted reactions or damage.
  • Media type: Some compounds work better with specific media types for optimal performance.
  • Environmental considerations: Opt for water-based or low-VOC options whenever possible for a more sustainable approach.

Factors affecting processing time:

  • Material of the parts: Harder materials like metals generally finish faster than softer materials like plastics.
  • Initial surface condition: Highly rough parts take longer to deburr and smooth than pre-finished parts.
  • Desired finish: A mirror polish takes longer to achieve than a simple deburring.
  • Media type and size: More aggressive media and larger sizes finish faster, while gentler media and smaller sizes take longer.
  • Part size and complexity: Smaller and simpler parts finish quicker than larger and intricate ones.
  • Machine capacity and disc speed: Larger machines with higher disc speeds generally process faster.

Typical processing times:

  • Deburring: Can range from a few minutes to 15 minutes for small parts with simple geometries.
  • Radiausing and light polishing: May take around 10-30 minutes for most parts.
  • High-gloss polishing: Can require 30 minutes to an hour or longer for a mirror finish.
  • Cleaning: Typically faster than other processes, often within 5-10 minutes.

Comparison with other methods:

  • Centrifugal disc finishing is generally much faster than vibratory finishing, often achieving similar results in 50-90% less time.
  • Compared to tumbling, it usually offers faster processing and superior finishes for many applications.

Important points:

  • These are just estimates, and your actual processing times may vary.
  • Always experiment and test different parameters to find the optimal balance between speed and desired finish for your specific application.

By understanding the factors influencing processing time and the typical ranges for different finishes, you can optimize your centrifugal disc finishing process for efficiency and achieve your desired results effectively.

In centrifugal disc finishing, choosing the right abrasive media is crucial for achieving the desired results. Here are some of the main types of media used and their characteristics:

1. Ceramic Media:

  • Ceramic pyramids: The most common type, ideal for deburring, radiusing, and achieving a satin finish. Available in various sizes and grits (abrasiveness levels).
  • Ceramic spheres: Used for polishing and achieving a smoother finish. Can be solid or filled with abrasives for higher performance.
  • Ceramic cylinders/chips: Suitable for intricate shapes and delicate parts due to their softer impact. Good for cleaning and light finishing.

2. Plastic Media:

  • Plastic pyramids/cones: Similar to ceramic pyramids but gentler on softer materials like plastics and aluminum. Used for deburring, radiusing, and light polishing.
  • Plastic spheres/cylinders: Ideal for polishing and burnishing softer materials. Provide a gentler action and minimize scratching.
  • Composite plastic media: Combinations of plastic and abrasives for specific applications, such as high-gloss polishing or cleaning specific contaminants.

3. Other Media Types:

  • Natural stones: Corn cob media for gentle cleaning and polishing of delicate parts. Walnut shells for removing heavy oxides and contaminants.
  • Vegetable-based media: Eco-friendly alternatives made from rice bran or other organic materials. Suitable for gentle cleaning and polishing.
  • Magnetic media: Used in conjunction with magnetic separators for easier media recovery and separation from finished parts.

Choosing the Right Media:

  • Consider the material of your parts: Harder materials like metals can handle more aggressive ceramic media, while softer materials like plastics require gentler plastic or even vegetable-based options.
  • Desired finish: Rougher media like pyramids are good for deburring, while smoother spheres or cylinders are for polishing. Choose the grit size based on the initial surface roughness and desired final finish.
  • Part geometry: Intricate shapes might require smaller media or softer options to avoid damaging delicate features.

Additional factors:

  • Media size: Smaller media works well for intricate areas, while larger media provides a more aggressive finishing action.
  • Density: Heavier media can exert more pressure for faster results, while lighter media might be preferred for delicate parts.
  • Cost and reusability: Consider the cost per use and how long the media lasts before needing replacement.

Please consult with a Bel Air finishing expert to help you select the optimal abrasive media for your specific needs and application.

Centrifugal disc finishing is versatile and can work with a wide range of parts, but its suitability depends on factors like size, shape, material, and desired finish. Here are some examples of parts that thrive with this method:

By Size:

  • Small parts: Ideally suited for parts ranging from millimeters to several centimeters, like jewelry components, medical implants, watch parts, electronic components, and small machined parts.
  • Medium-sized parts: Can handle parts up to around 10-15 centimeters, such as cutlery, surgical instruments, automotive components, and small machined or cast parts.
  • Limited value on Large bulky parts

By Shape:

  • Complex shapes: Works well with intricate shapes that have internal channels, sharp edges, or delicate features, like valves, turbine blades, orthopedic implants, and intricate machined parts.
  • Flat parts: Ideal for smoothing and polishing flat surfaces of plates, blades, or electronic components.

By Material:

  • Metals: Suitable for a wide range of metals like aluminum, stainless steel, brass, copper, titanium, and alloys. Effective for deburring, polishing, and radiusing edges.
  • Plastics: Can handle various plastics like nylon, ABS, acrylic, and polycarbonate. Good for deburring, smoothing, and achieving a high gloss finish.
  • Ceramics: Useful for finishing ceramic parts like dental implants, electronic components, and decorative pieces. Can remove flash, smooth surfaces, and improve surface texture.
  • Glass: Can be used for deburring and polishing glass components like lenses, vials, and optical components. Requires careful selection of media and compounds to avoid scratching.

By Desired Finish:

  • Deburring: Excellent for removing burrs and sharp edges from machined, stamped, or cast parts.
  • Polishing: Can achieve a high-quality mirror finish on various materials.
  • Radiusing: Effective for rounding sharp edges and improving overall surface smoothness.
  • Cleaning: Can be used for removing light surface contaminants, oils, and oxides.

Examples of industries and applications:

  • Jewelry: Polishing gemstones, deburring and finishing metal components.
  • Medical: Finishing surgical instruments, dental implants, and other medical devices.
  • Aerospace: Deburring and polishing aircraft components, engine parts, and sensors.
  • Automotive: Finishing engine components, transmission parts, and decorative exterior pieces.
  • Electronics: Deburring and polishing circuit boards, electronic connectors, and components.

Please consult with a Bel Air finishing expert to assess the suitability of your specific parts and desired finish for centrifugal disc finishing. Our team  can help you choose the right media, compounds, and process parameters for optimal results.

Faster Processing Times:

  • Centrifugal disc finishers operate at significantly higher speeds than other mass finishing methods like vibratory finishing. This can reduce processing times by up to 90%, leading to increased productivity and throughput.
  • Shorter processing times also mean lower energy consumption and overall operating costs.

Superior Surface Finishes:

  • The high-energy centrifugal action creates a consistent and controlled rubbing effect between the abrasive media and parts. This results in superior surface finishes, with greater detail and refinement.
  • Even complex, hidden areas of parts can be effectively reached and finished.

Quick and Easy Separation of Parts and Tumbling media:

  • The operator interaction for loading and unloading the machine and parts is very minimal. 
  • The ergonomics of operation is very cost effective. 

Gentle on Delicate Parts:

  • Unlike methods like sandblasting that can be forceful and damaging, centrifugal disc finishing exerts a controlled and gentle pressure on parts. This makes it suitable for finishing delicate or fragile components that might be susceptible to breakage or deformation.
  • The controlled environment also minimizes the risk of surface marring or scratching.

Wide Range of Applications:

  • Centrifugal disc finishing can be used with a variety of materials, including metals, plastics, ceramics, and even some composites. This makes it a versatile tool for various industries and applications.
  • It’s effective for deburring, radiusing edges, polishing, and even cleaning parts depending on the chosen media and compounds.

Other Advantages:

  • Reduced labor requirements: Automated loading and unloading features can minimize operator involvement and manual handling.
  • Improved part consistency: The controlled process leads to more consistent finishes across batches of parts.
  • Environmentally friendly: Some systems incorporate closed-loop media separation and dust collection, minimizing waste and dust generation.
  • The process is much quieter than vibratory. Similar to a washing machine in your own home, it’s a harmonious sound. 

However, it’s important to remember that while centrifugal disc finishing offers numerous benefits, it also has some limitations. The higher initial cost is a factor to consider. Additionally, it may not be suitable for very large or materials highly sensitive to abrasion. Another limitation is part on part contact; while the parts will follow each other in a orbital motion, they will not clink and dink, but there is no guarantee that they will not roll over each other on occasion. 

Overall, the advantages of using a centrifugal disc finisher generally outweigh the disadvantages for many applications. If you require fast, precise finishing for diverse parts and materials while being gentle on delicate components, a centrifugal disc finisher may be an excellent choice for your needs.

 

Centrifugal disc finishing is a type of mass finishing process used to improve the surface of various parts and components. It’s different from other methods like tumbling or vibratory finishing because it utilizes centrifugal force to achieve its effects.

Here’s how it works:

  1. Machine Setup: A centrifugal disc finisher typically has a cylindrical bowl with a rotating disc at the bottom. The disc spins rapidly, creating a vortex-like effect.
  2. Media and Parts: Inside the bowl, you add a combination of abrasive media (tiny pieces of ceramic, plastic, etc.) and the parts you want to finish.
  3. Centrifugal Action: As the disc spins, it propels the media and parts upwards along the bowl walls. This creates a high-energy environment where the media constantly rubs against the part surfaces.
  4. Deburring and Polishing: This rubbing action removes burrs, sharp edges, and imperfections from the parts. It can also polish and improve the overall surface texture.
  5. Separation and Cleaning: After the desired finishing time, the machine is stopped and the finished parts are separated from the media. Cleaning and drying may be necessary depending on the process and materials used.